P77. The question then is, to what extent does the institution charged with distributive justice remain neutral without external influence and interior motives. It is difficult for human actions (a biological-genetic-social entity) to maintain neutrality in fairness. Misuse is entirely conceivable.
Unfortunately a long list of similar questions can be put forward. One can suggest that rent giving or rent-seeking as nonviolent tools of negotiation or an alternative to violence for rapid ownership.
Privatizing is not a less corrupting factor in the absence of an effective control system. A private functionary that becomes public service becomes a private function. It is between these two evils that one has to choose. Politics is an art of selecting between two compelling paths. Perhaps changing governance to management is one answer since it changes the sponsor and the utility -Figure 1.5, p13.
When power is the suspect, the antidote rests in feedback representation of distinctions rather than oscillating the power with autonomous power or diffusing the power into fractals (p291 in Index). Feedback is nature's way of controlling all Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS). What can we learn and how can we use these observations in restructuring corruption are discussed in Chapters 1 and 2.
We have a lesson to learn in biological entities. As the biological entities become more complex, nature builds/embeds within them anticipatory mechanisms. For example some internal mechanisms that are built within the cell (protectors in genes from certain diseases, etc.), some within the body such as the immune system with the capacity to rise against invaders, physical sensations (instinct), and chemicals (such as poison, cytokinins), self-immolation (apoptosis in cell) and so on.
For social living, man-made external mechanisms evolved such as living in herds (majority living), culture and habits (software of social coexistence) and religion (calling on conscious). The individual, family, neighborhood, groups, sects are no different and need such mechanisms to evolve, progress, and protect, i.e., to remain coordinated and not outlawed.
Democracy was/is conceived as a rational tool to control the external environment for social coexistence. All such mechanisms do fail or can be mutated and require periodic cross-examination of experience to avoid disintegration.
Corruption is a mutation or an invader -much like a virus, bacteria, or parasite that attacks the control mechanisms of the social living. It has done so in every civilization, so we fear it as if it could cause extinction of the society. We must control this seed of destruction intuitively.
The best control is feedback. The two remedies suggested in Chapter 9 are: (a) Ministry of Awareness of Systems, and, (b) Household Income Tax -Redemption of Poverty. The issue raised here is that the tool of democracy has the capacity to invent the future (p63).